"He chose on the sea shore a lost city called Straton Tower, because it was a beautiful and respectable city, and built it from the beginning with white stones, and decorated it with an amazing Kings Palace, and thus demostrated his great spirit and honor." (Wars of the Jews I, 21,5)Cesarea was a very well planned city, with a cross of streets, a large market, theatre, amphitheatre, temple and large baths. After 12 years of building, the city was completed, and great festivals took place (9-10 b.c.)
What can you see ?
I Have only told about some of the Roman remains. The Crusaders left Cesarea completely renovated, specially in the northern part, inside the city walls.
The great roman bath, with the Caldarium (hot room), Frigidarium (cold room), and Tepidarium (room temp. water) The hipodrom (hipo=horse, like hipo-potamos=river horse, while potamos=river, like meso-potamia=NAHARAYIM=Entre Rios=between two rivers, and see also meso=mezzo=middle like in mezzo-soprano or mezzo-jiorno=12:00 or intermezzo=pause in middle. Philippe=phil-hipo=horse lover, while Phil=love, like in philosophy=lover of the thoughts and like philantrop=lover of mankind, philharmony=lover of harmony. In Loving Memory of the Philologist Joseph A. Rosenn). Amphitheatre, which was part of the hipodrom, but was converted into the battle field of the gladiators against themselves and animals: alligators, lions, etc. This is the place in which the Sanhedrin entered one day in protest: they demanded to have freedom to worship their God. The Ceasar hid soldiers in the audience in order to cut the small rebellion. When the Sanhedrin entered the Amphitheartre the soldiers surrounded them, and threatened to kill them all, in front of all the audience. The Sanhedrin knealed and pointed at their throats saying - please kill us. The Ceasar gave up and they got what they wanted. A small but important capela, with the drawings of the 12 apostoles, from the first years of Christianity. It is probably one of the oldest churches in the world, what makes it one of the most sacred places for Christians. What makes it even more sacred is the nearby court, in which the apostole St. Paul was convicted and executed. Herodes Palace. Built in the most beautiful spot, the palace remained only with it's basement, but some columns were restored in order to appreciate the view. Origuenes Library/Archive - to the south of the Crusader's city wall, there's a house with 7 rooms and a central one, identified by A. Negev as the famous library of Origenes of Cesarea. One of the 5 Mosaics says:
"If you want not to fear from the authorities, do good, and it will benefit you" (St. Paul letter to the Romans, 13, 3).
You will be able to find the other stories, as always, at: