The 5 Philistine Cities

The following pages will describe four of the five cities of the Philistines, who lived in the neighborhood of People of Israel for more than 500 years. The five cities were unified under a union of cities:  the Mayors/Kings of the cities co-operated between them against the Israeli People. They were called Sranim, using the same word we use today for a 3rd level officer in IDF: Captain.
The five cities are (starting from the north) Ekron, Gat, Ashdod, Ashkelon, and Gaza.
Now you can guess why I intend to write only about four...

Please welcome the first page:


Ekron was the northern city of the Philistines, found only 40 years ago by a Kibbutznik from Revadim, Natan Idlin.  He was a fighter in the Gush-Etzion battle, was in Jordan as captured, and returned to Revadim after state of Israel  was established and the agreements were signed between Israel and Jordan.
He worked in the "Falha", and found ceramics remains in one of the low hills. He went with them to a professor in the Hebrew University, who told him that these were typical Philistines ceramics and work plates.
Natan Idlin returned to his Kibbutz and began to think. Ashdod, Ashkelon and Gaza - are all known. Gat was identified as a hill over the shores of Nahal Ha-Ela.
He jumped surprised:  It has to be Ekron !!
He opened the bible and read that when the Philistines escaped after Golyat defeat, they ran to Gat and Ekron. They must be near, then. After that he read that the Arch of God was there, and that they put it on a carriage that went on the road to Bait-Shemesh, where it was guarded for some time.
He went again to the university and convinced the professor that he discovered Ekron.
Natan Idlin was excited about it, and since then he dedicated his life to the discovery of the city of Ekron.
It was only 30 years after his first discovery that the first excavations were handled. The exciting excavations revealed a huge city, on a very low hill, with high walls and mures,
dating from the Early Bronze Age to the last days of the Jehuda empire, just together with Sanheriv destroyal of Jehuda.

The remains revealed a vivid city, filled with interesting commercial, religious and cultural life. The most important commercial market in Ekron was based on olives cultivation and oil manufacturing.

The Philistines, in their decline after the erection of the Monarchy of Israel, were very much assimilated to the strong Hebrew culture, and as a result, it was only a matter of time until the Philistine empire will collapse and join the Israeli state.

But the most amazing archeological evidence was found, like in many archeological excavations in the last days of the excavations: a very large inscription, written in Hebrew !!
This inscription was the peak of the excavations, a proof that an archeologist can only dream of...
The inscription is as important as the Hizkiyahu inscription in Nikbat Ha-Shiloah, and miraculously, they both date from the same years:

"I, ...son of Achish, son of Padi, Mayor ("Sar") of Ekron,
built this temple for the goddess ...
in honor of ..."
The archeologists joked and said that now they can write the big sign: Welcome to Ekron...
This amazing inscriptions is now being exhibited in the local museum of Revadim, a big room with many detailed and useful information about the excavations.

What to see